Agroforestry – the future of land use! – means farmers planting or managing different species of trees on farm (or on agricultural land). This can be combined with livestock, fisheries and honey bees– so it is a combination of agriculture and forestry. Agroforestry serves as a ecological, social and economic buffer for shocks that may occur due to climate variability, community events or economic ups and downs, so that agroforestry can meet the expectations of communities, rural, urban, or in between.
|Various layers and types of tree canopy in a coffee agroforestry systems, jointly are important for regulating air temperature, and soil moisture, as well as protecting the soil surface from the impacts of rain drops thus reducing runoff and erosion|
Besides providing a range of products to the farmer, agroforestry has essential functions for the environment: Improving soil fertility and productivity of livestock, supporting productivity in harmony with natural resources, maintaining or increasing environmental services in agricultural landscapes such as regulated water supply, soil health, carbon sequestration and biodiversity. Agroforestry is key to multifunctional landscapes adaptive to climate variability, current and future.